Since 2022, Russia-Ukraine geopolitical conflicts have intensified, and global energy prices have risen sharply, with international natural gas prices hitting historic highs. As the most important transitional energy source in the transition from fossil energy to non-fossil energy, the share of natural gas in primary energy has increased from 14.6% in 1965 to 24.7% in 2020. The global gas price indices showed a unilateral downward trend from 2018, bottomed out in 2020, and remained low for a long time. However, since July 2020, the global gas prices have gradually fluctuated upward, and the impact of geopolitical events made the Dutch TTF gas price even hit record highs repeatedly.
An analyst of a securities company believes that the core catalyst of this round of global gas market lies in the lack of investment in upstream oil and gas resources caused by long-term low prices. Since 2020, although the epidemic has led to a decline in demand, the decline in supply has been faster, resulting in a large inventory consumption. In 2021, demand will recover faster than supply (the supply-side is less sensitive to prices, which will be reflected in investment).
As the world's two largest gas TaC powder are also expected to change significantly.
Introduction to Tantalum Carbide TaC Powder
Tantalum carbide is a kind of transition metal carbide. Black or dark brown metallic powder, cubic crystal system, hard. Melting point 3880℃, boiling point 5500℃, relative density 13.9, hardness 9 ~ 10. Insoluble in water, slightly soluble in sulfuric acid and hydrofluoric acid, soluble in a mixture of hydrofluoric acid and nitric acid.
Its chemical properties are extremely stable. It has excellent physical and chemical properties, such as high hardness, high melting point, good electrical conductivity, and thermal shock resistance, good chemical corrosion resistance, high oxidation resistance, catalytic performance, etc.
|Tantalum Carbide TaC Powder Properties|
|Other Names||tantalum(IV) carbide, TaC powder|
|Appearance||brown to dark brown powder|
|Boiling Point||4780-5470 °C|
|Solubility in H2O||insoluble|
Applications of Tantalum Carbide TaC Powder
Tantalum carbide is mainly used for cemented carbide, capacitors, electronic devices, high-temperature components, chemical equipment, and armor piercing shells.
1. Cemented carbide
Tantalum carbide plays an important role in cemented carbide. It improves the properties of the alloy by improving the fiber structure and phase transformation dynamics, making the alloy have higher strength, phase stability, and processing deformation ability. Tantalum carbide has a very high melting point (4000℃) and good thermodynamic stability. Tantalum is particularly effective in promoting nucleation and preventing carbon precipitation from nucleated brittle films formed during late solidification. Its main function is to prevent cemented carbide grain from growing up. In addition, it forms a third dispersion phase with TiC besides WC and Co, which significantly increases the thermal shock resistance, crescent hole wear resistance, and oxidation resistance of cemented carbide, and improves its redness and hardness.
TaC is added into the alloy in different ways, which will greatly affect the properties of the alloy. On the other surface, the TiC-TaC-WC core phase formed by adding TaC to the alloy as TiC-TaC-WC solid solution has a larger sub-crystal size and smaller microscopic strain than the TiC-TaC-WC core phase, and the former one has better physical and mechanical properties and longer cutting life.
2. Electronics industry
In recent years, transition metal carbides have attracted much attention due to their chemical stability, high hardness, strong oxidation and corrosion resistance, low resistivity, and many other advantages. Carbide nanomaterials show great potential in metal coatings, tools, machine parts, and composites. Among all the carbide nanomaterials, silver carbide is one of the most popular materials, and also one of the materials with the greatest potential. Tantalum carbide not only inherits many advantages of carbide nanomaterials, but also has its own unique side, such as high hardness (Mohs hardness is 9-10 at room temperature, high melting point (about 3880℃), high Young's modulus (283-550 GPa), strong conductivity (conductivity is 32.7-117.4μ ω ·cm at 25℃), high-temperature superconductivity (10.5K), strong resistance to chemical decay and thermal shock, and high catalytic activity for ammonia decomposition and hydrogen separation.
At present, tantalum carbide powder and whisk tantalum carbide have been prepared by means of carbothermic reduction, thermal plasma, solvothermal, sol-gel, microwave heating, alkali reduction, self-propagating high-temperature synthesis, and high-frequency induction heating sintering.
Among carbides, the best melting resistance is tantalum carbide (TaC) (melting point 3890℃) and hafnium carbide (HfC) (melting point 3880℃), followed by zirconium carbide (ZrC) (melting point 3500℃). These materials have excellent mechanical properties at high temperatures, far exceeding the best polycrystalline inks. Tantalum carbide, in particular, is the only material that maintains certain mechanical properties over the temperature range of 2900℃ to 3200℃. However, the disadvantage of tantalum carbide is that it is very sensitive to thermal shock, and the low thermal conductivity and high thermal expansion coefficient of carbide become the biggest obstacle to the application of aerospace materials. The addition of tantalum carbide to carbon/carbon composites will have higher thermal conductivity and lower thermal expansion conditions, and exert the oxidation resistance and ablative resistance of refractory metals.
Main Supplier of Tantalum Carbide TaC Powder
Luoyang Tongrun Nano Technology Co. Ltd. (TRUNNANO) is a trusted global chemical material supplier & manufacturer with over 12-year-experience in providing super high-quality chemicals and Nanomaterials, including silicon powder, nitride powder, graphite powder, zinc sulfide, calcium nitride, 3D printing powder, etc.
If you are looking for high-quality tantalum carbide TaC powder, please feel free to contact us and send an inquiry. ([email protected])
According to Reuters, U.S. Treasury officials said they would discuss with G7 leaders pricing caps and tariffs on Russian oil as an alternative to the embargo, which would keep the market supplied, limit price spikes, and reduce Russian revenues.
The EU foreign ministers' meeting was held in Brussels. The meeting failed to agree on the sixth round of sanctions, including an oil embargo on Russia, because of objections from Hungary.
EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy said at a press conference after the meeting, that the meeting failed to reach an agreement on the final adoption of the sixth round of sanctions, the permanent representatives of member states to the EU will continue to discuss. The foreign ministers faced similar difficulties trying to reach an agreement on an oil ban. He said Hungary's position was based on economic rather than political concerns.
Hungary is highly dependent on Russia for energy, getting more than 60 percent of its oil and 85 percent of its natural gas from Russia.
A few days ago, the European Commission submitted the sixth round of proposed sanctions against Russia, including a total ban on Russian oil imports by the end of this year. Hungary immediately objected and said it wanted substantial compensation from the EU to offset its loss from giving up Russian oil.
The TaC powder price is predicted to increase in the next few days, due to geopolitical factors.
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